History of The Fund for Animals

1967
Author, social critic, and animal advocate, Cleveland Amory founds The Fund for Animals, headquartered in New York, with the mottos, "We speak for those who can't" and "Animals have rights, too."

1971
The Fund works for passage of federal Airborne Hunting Act, prohibiting the aerial slaughter of wolves in Alaska.

1972
The Fund works for passage of the Marine Mammal Protection Act, which protects polar bears, seals, whales, dolphins and other marine mammals.

1974
Harper & Row publishes Cleveland Amory's Man Kind? Our Incredible War on Wildlife, a stinging and satirical attack on sport hunting and commercial trapping in America. It serves as the primer for the CBS documentary, The Guns of Autumn. The Fund unleashes the "Real People Wear Fake Fur" advertising campaign featuring Doris Day, Angie Dickinson, Mary Tyler Moore, and Amanda Blake.

1975
The Fund successfully petitions U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to place 175 species on the endangered list, including the grizzly bear, argali sheep, and African elephant.

1978
The Fund's Dexter Cate rescues dolphins from Japanese spearing on Iki Island. Japanese officials imprison him in solitary confinement for three months. The Fund buys a British trawler, converts it to icebreaker, and renames it the Sea Shepherd. It sails to Magdalen Islands to stop the clubbing of baby seals.

1979
The Fund's ice crew, led by captain Paul Watson, paints more than 1,000 baby seals with harmless red organic dye, rendering the pelts useless to furriers. The Fund starts a massive four-year airlift of burros scheduled to be shot by the National Park Service in the Grand Canyon. The Fund purchases its own piece of land in Texas and starts the Black Beauty Ranch sanctuary for animals.

1980
The Fund's Lewis Regenstein works with other leading conservation groups for the passage of the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act, the largest lands protection bill ever passed by Congress.

1981
The Fund begins a two-year rescue of burros — slated to be shot by the Navy — from China Lake Naval Weapons Center in the California desert.

1983
The Fund begins a three-year rescue of burros in Death Valley National Monument. Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger, responding to pleas from The Fund president Cleveland Amory, overrules Navy brass to allow The Fund to rescue 3,000 goats from San Clemente Naval Weapons Facility, pioneering the use of helicopter-launched net guns.

1984
The Wildlife Rehabilitation Center in Ramona, California, is donated to The Fund.

1985
A Fund lawsuit blocks the federal government and state of Minnesota from instituting a sport hunting and commercial trapping season on wolves.

1987
A Fund wins a massive federal lawsuit forcing the Bureau of Land Management to abide by the terms of the Wild Horse and Free-Roaming Burro Act.

1989
A Fund lawsuit halts black bear hunting for one season in California, sparing about 1,400 bears. The Fund activists throughout the country conduct field protests of hunting in forests and wetlands.

1990
After casting a national spotlight on the hunting of bison who wander from Yellowstone National Park, The Fund pressures the state of Montana into banning hunt.

1991
The Fund lawsuits halt grizzly bear hunting in Montana and a massive elk hunt in Arizona's Coconino National Forest.

1992
The Fund drafts, leads, and carries to victory a ballot initiative in Colorado to ban spring, bait, and hound hunting of black bears. It's a severe defeat for the National Rifle Association. The Fund wins a massive lawsuit compelling the federal government to speed the pace of listing more than 400 rare species on the federal endangered species list.

1993
The Fund halts the "research" kill of Yellowstone's bison. The Fund's lawsuit stops the baiting of black bears on all national forests in Wyoming for one hunting season. The Fund and other conservation groups pressure the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission into stopping the hunting of the rare Florida black bear.

1994
The Fund helps stop bear wrestling, cockfighting, and raccoon and opossum "shake-out" seasons in Kentucky. Voters approved The Fund-backed ballot initiatives in two states, stopping the use of bait to hunt bears and the use of hounds to hunt bears and cougars in Oregon and ending all commercial trapping on public lands in Arizona.

1995
The Fund stops canned hunts of exotic species on Texas game ranches. The Fund pressures the Australian government to halt construction of a massive Eastern Tollway that would have decimated one of the last remaining pieces of koala habitat and one of the last remaining koala colonies in the country.

1996
A Fund lawsuit stops a proposed bison sport hunt on a U.S. Army base in New Mexico. The Fund rallies Maryland residents to halt a proposed sport hunting season on the state's black bear population and works with the Maryland Department of Natural Resources to start a "Black Bear Conservation Fund." The Fund opens the nation's largest high-volume, low-cost, spay and neuter clinic in New York City. The Fund releases "What's Wrong With Hunting," a celebrity-filled video for young people.

1997
The Fund sets up an Urban Wildlife Hotline to provide information on humane ways to solve nuisance wildlife problems. The Fund settles a lawsuit with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to prevent the premature "delisting" — and thus sport hunting — of the threatened grizzly bear. The Fund reaches a legal settlement with the Bureau of Land Management to prevent the agency from adopting wild horses to people who plan to sell the horses to slaughter. In response to a private pigeon shooting contest in Sarasota, Florida, The Fund drafts an ordinance to ban pigeon shoots, which is passed unanimously by the Sarasota County Council.

1998
The Connecticut Legislature overwhelmingly passes a Fund bill to stop nuisance wildlife control trappers from drowning animals and using other cruel methods of killing. The Fund and other groups successfully block proposal to allow the sale of river otter pelts "incidentally" trapped in Idaho, which would have effectively overturned the state's 27-year prohibition on trapping otters. The Fund works for passage of a bill in Albany County, New York, banning the use of leg-hold and body-gripping traps on all county land. A Fund lawsuit halts the sport hunting of bison on the National Elk Refuge in Wyoming. The Fund helps pass state legislation to ban live pigeon shoots in North Carolina.

1999
In response to public pressure and a Fund-sponsored lawsuit, organizers of the annual Labor Day pigeon shoot held in Hegins, Pennsylvania announce the event's cancellation.

2000
President Bill Clinton signed the Great Ape Conservation Act, a bill backed by The Fund for Animals that creates a federal fund of up to $5 million from which grants will be made to conservation projects protecting great apes — gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos, orangutans, and gibbons — in their natural habitat. New York Governor George Pataki signed bill A. 1157, which bans the use of Avitrol, a dangerous poison that kills birds slowly and cruelly and places human safety in jeopardy, in New York City. Washington state voters passed I-713, a ballot measure banning the use of certain cruel poisons and body-gripping traps to kill wildlife.

2001
Iowa Governor Tom Vilsack vetoed H.F. 43, which passed the House and Senate by narrow margins and which would have opened the state's first sport hunting season on mourning doves since 1918. The Michigan legislature defeated a bill that would have opened that state's first mourning dove hunting season since 1905.

2002
An amendment to the federal Farm Bill closed the legal loophole that cockfighters have been exploiting for years to ship their fighting roosters across state and national lines. The legislation bans any interstate shipment or exports of fighting birds. Voters side with The Fund in statewide animal protection ballot measures, banning cockfighting in Oklahoma, rejecting subsidies for the greyhound racing industry in Arizona, establishing a spay/neuter license plate in Georgia, and establishing the first statewide prohibition on a cruel factory farming practices in Florida. Voters in 41 of 41 counties in West Virginia also reject Sunday hunting.

2003
Wyoming and Kentucky both pass bills championed by The Fund to create the states' first ever laws making certain types of animal cruelty a felony. The bills make it a felony to cruelly beat, torture, torment, injure or mutilate an animal with the intention of causing death, injury or undue suffering.

2004
The Fund places more than 75 rescued tigers, lions, and leopards at animal sanctuaries around the country, after they were confiscated from a southern California cruelty case. The Fund's efforts bring worldwide attention to the problem of wild animals in captivity.

2005
The Fund joins forces with The Humane Society of the United States, creating a new Campaigns team focusing on the issues of factory farming, animal cruelty and fighting, sport hunting, and the fur trade; a new Animal Protection Litigation section fighting for animals in the courts; and the Humane Society Legislative Fund working to pass animal protection laws at the state and federal levels.

2006
The Fund's animal care centers (the Cleveland Amory Black Beauty Ranch, the Cape Wildlife Center, The Fund for Animals Wildlife Center, the Rabbit Sanctuary, and the Rural Area Veterinary Services) are providing hands-on care for animals in need around the globe. The Fund won a landmark ruling this year declaring that new sport hunting programs on dozens of national wildlife refuges are unlawful. Making Burros Fly, a new book by Julie Hoffman Marshall chronicles the life of The Fund's fearless founder, Cleveland Amory, and The Fund's work to protect animals over the last four decades.

2007
The Fund's animal care centers focused on providing veterinary and rehabilitative care for injured, orphaned, and abandoned animals as well as providing sanctuary homes for those animals who are not candidates for release into the wild. There were upgrades to facilities to provide improved care at the Cleveland Amory Black Beauty Ranch, The Fund for Animals Wildlife Center, the Cape Wildlife Center, and the Rabbit Sanctuary, Inc. Victories in the courtroom led to a halt of hunting practices for mountain lions and an expansion of wildlife refuges where hunting is halted (until the lawsuit is resolved), an order that Ringling Bros and Barnum Bailey Circus stand trial for abusing elephants, an end to horse slaughter for human consumption in our country, and a revision on the habitat designation for the Canada lynx.

2008
The Fund for Animals established the Duchess Sanctuary as a safe haven for horses who were abused, abandoned and neglected.

2009
The Fund upgraded facilities to accommodate a growing number of intakes. Cleveland Amory Black Beauty Ranch upgraded a five-acre pig enclosure, an African tortoise enclosure and five primate barns. The Fund for Animals Wildlife Center built a spacious home for 63 cats rescued from San Nicolas Island and built a new 13,000-square-foot enclosure for Hannah Shirley the pygmy hippo, with a mud pond, shade trees and a pool.

2010
Duchess Animal Sanctuary built its second winter shelter. Doris Day Equine Center began construction on the grounds of Cleveland Amory Black Beauty Ranch. This new program will provide an alternative to sanctuary for rescued horses who can be trained and successfully rehomed.

2011
The Fund increased their engagement with the public through social media, web content, open houses, seminars and lectures. The Cape Wildlife Center enhanced its commitment to providing quality medical care for its residents by opening a brand new animal hospital for native wildlife. The Doris Day Equine Center adoption program officially opened.

2012
The Fund filed a lawsuit against the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service over delisting Wyoming’s gray wolves from the Endangered Species list. The Fund helped to fight the ownership, exploitation, and public contact of dangerous exotic wildlife for commercial gain by filing a rulemaking petition with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Cleveland Amory Black Beauty Ranch completed their new visitor center and on-site guest suites, which helped pave the way for new initiatives and events, and took in tigers rescued from a roadside zoo in Mississippi. The Cape Wildlife Center completed the construction of a 3,500-gallon saltwater pool and aviary designed for seabirds, making it the largest seabird rehabilitation pool in Massachusetts.

2013
Cleveland Amory Black Beauty Ranch completed and opened the Dr. John Hensley Veterinary Hospital, a 3,600-square-foot facility made to accommodate small, large and exotic animals, and completed a new equine handling facility designed in partnership with Temple Grandin. The Doris Day Equine Center launched Forever Foundation, a training program for other equine rescue centers to learn humane training methods. Volunteers and staffers worked tirelessly to open a new medical center at The Fund for Animals Wildlife Center. With the help of the Ark Watch Foundation, Duchess Sanctuary welcomed the addition of a 4,000 square-foot equine barn.

2014
The Fund along with other groups declared victory in a lawsuit to restore protections for gray wolves under the Endangered Species Act. The Cape Wildlife Center launched a training program for animal control and wildlife officers to help them more effectively intervene in wildlife conflicts. In addition to the completion of several new animal care facilities, phase one of the big cat habitat was completed at Cleveland Amory Black Beauty Ranch. The new habitat contains three spacious yards complete with natural vegetation, hiding spaces, dens, platforms and ponds. The Forever Foundation program of Doris Day Equine Center worked with 19 organizations from across the U.S. to improve the the adoption rates of horses in their care through training. The Fund for Animals Wildlife Center accepted their first bear for rehabilitation. In June, The Fund and other groups filed a legal petition with the Department of Interior to ban the use of lead ammunition on state and government properties.

2015
The Cape Wildlife Center offered a training program for animal care professionals in collaboration with Tufts University’s Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine on the dangers of lead poisoning in wildlife and sold out for their popular “Wildlife on Tap” lecture series. Thanks to a generous donor, The Fund for Animals Wildlife Care Center refurbished a 20-year-old flight cage used to recondition the wing muscles in osprey and eagle patients. Cleveland Amory’s 52-year-old chimpanzee Lulu broke records when she became the first known chimp in a North America Primate Sanctuary Alliance facility to complete a voluntary blood draw, allowing her caregivers to collect enough blood for a full blood panel.

2016
Cleveland Amory Black Beauty Ranch opened the Ranch of Dreams Tour, enabling donors to visit The Fund’s flagship sanctuary on pre-scheduled appointments. The Fund petitions the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to extend full Endangered Species Act protection to African leopards, to reduce pressure on the animals from trophy hunters.